San Diego State University, founded in 1897 as San Diego Normal School, is the third-oldest university in the California State University system. Within San Diego’s College of Business Administration, undergraduate students can major in Information Systems. Students in the program learn to provide, access, and interpret information that is essential to decision-making. Problem-solving is heavily emphasized in this program, as a job as a systems analyst often requires designing and implementing solutions to various kinds of technological problems. In addition to information technology and systems, courses in the major focus on finance, marketing, and management, as well as various elective choices. Outside of class, students can get involved in student and professional organizations such as business fraternities, the Association of Information Technology Professionals, and the American Production and Inventory Control Society. Graduate of the Information Systems undergraduate program often go on to work as systems analysts, web developers, programmers, network administrators, computer center managers, and technical marketing specialists in large businesses, government agencies, universities, and more. A minor in Information Systems, consisting of a minimum of 18 credit hours, is also available. To fulfill major or minor requirements, students choose from such courses as Business Applications Programming, Data Management Systems, and Networks and Data Communications.
Figure 67. Summary of the climatic effects associated to the lows of the Bray cycle . Global effects are mediated by the contraction of the Hadley cells and expansion of polar cells that steepen the meridional temperature gradient causing global cooling. The contraction also restricts monsoon patterns, causing drier conditions in sub-tropical latitudes. El Niño conditions become infrequent, altering precipitation patterns. The North Atlantic realm is pushed into persistent AO/NAO negative conditions that are characterized by weak Iceland low pressure and Azores high pressure centers. This decreases the strength of the Westerlies that take a more southern path changing precipitation patterns over Europe, and causing blocking conditions over the Atlantic that allow Arctic cold air to drift southward. The contribution of cold fresher subpolar gyre waters to the North Atlantic Current (NAC) decreases, becoming warmer and saltier, and increasing winter precipitation over northern Europe causing glacier advances. A strong Siberian high brings colder conditions over northern Eurasia and increases polar circulation over the Arctic and Greenland, increasing the amount of southward drift ice. Greenland experiences an inversion as masses of cold air are displaced towards northern Europe and North America. NADW labels North Atlantic deep-water currents. Black dots are the location of some of the proxies discussed in the text that display a clear ~ 2400-year periodicity.