Austen's final novel also stands out for the nationalistic pride expressed by the characters throughout the work. The reverence which Persuasion 's female characters hold for the Naval officers reflects the esteem in which the Navy was held in Austen's day. At the height of the British Empire, amidst wars with both France and America, the Navy was admired as the defender of British interests throughout the world. Such Navy heroes in the novel introduce a new, rougher ideal of manliness into Austen's world, for which the feminized Sir Walter serves as the unfortunate foil.
As a young man at Oxford, Amis briefly joined the Communist Party . He left in 1956.  He later described this stage of his political life as "the callow Marxist phase that seemed almost compulsory in Oxford".  Amis remained nominally on the Left for some time after the war, declaring in the 1950s that he would always vote for the Labour Party .  But he eventually moved further right, a development he discussed in the essay "Why Lucky Jim Turned Right" (1967); his conservatism and anti-communism can be seen in such later works of his as the dystopian novel Russian Hide and Seek (1980). [ citation needed ] In 1967, Amis, Robert Conquest , John Braine and several other right-wing authors signed a controversial letter to The Times entitled "Backing for . Policies in Vietnam", supporting the US government in the Vietnam War .  He spoke at the Adam Smith Institute , arguing against government subsidy to the arts.