The Asian countries financial crises in the 1997 made many experts to fight globalisation become stronger. They believe developing countries are losers in globalisation. However, the experience of China has been used as a good example to prove they are the winner of globalisation. Before reform, China was the world most important opponent of globalisation which is not opening their trade market. Since 1979, reform policy made China's economic become most competitive and booming country in world widely. According to Michael Dauderstädt & Jürgen Stetten (2005) purchasing power parity in China is ranks secondly after America. Share of world trade increased from approximately 1% to almost 6% between 1979 and 2003. Since 2001, China access to the WTO which provide better free trade market environment and also become more competitive in international market. In a word, China's experience in opening up reveals in what way a developing country can become winners from globalisation. Besides, China gives other developing countries more confidence to support free trade market and globalisation.
Lieutenant Commander Allan D. Brown first proposed the idea for an essay contest sponsored by the . Naval Institute for "a paper which shall be deemed the best" on 9 May 1878 at the organization's meeting in Annapolis. The first contest was in 1879. The name of the contest was changed in 1985 to the Arleigh Burke Essay Contest in honor of the World War II hero, former Chief of Naval Operations, and President of the Naval Institute. The name reverted to the General Prize in 2008. Today, the prizes honor the first, second, and third best articles published in Proceedings over the previous year, from October through September of the succeeding year.
First Place Winner Adriana Embus – Winning Essay:
An early bird chirps in the nearby tree.
The sun rises; the first ray of sunlight penetrates my bedroom window.
I faintly open my eyes, and notice that- SPLAT!-my Liberian friend, Moselyn, finally kills the annoying mosquito flying around my bed net. What Moselyn, along with hundreds of my West African friends, doesn’t realize is the possible danger a mosquito can be.
I had traveled to Virginia, Liberia three days earlier. My school's service team had tirelessly planned workshops on leadership, HIV and AIDS, and American culture. Arriving there, we were ecstatic to embrace the Liberian culture and learn about every aspect of it. We met hundreds of students, bonding through interactive group activities and learning about their home lives. Determined to make a difference, we constantly looked for any material things they were in need of. Instead, we found none.
One day, however, we were guided to a nearby orphanage. Upon our arrival, I noticed a horrific scene out of the corner of my eye. In a small bedroom, with only a small table and bed, there were three children curled into fetal positions with chill bumps all along their arms and legs. Turning around to find an adult, I asked the director of the orphanage why they were so cold. Responding in a deep Liberian-English accent, she said, “Malaria.” We soon discovered that we had been looking for the wrong thing all along, and we noticed that the orphanage was in need of something intangible not material: knowledge. They needed knowledge about this disastrous disease called malaria.
Along with my other team members, I soon tweaked my workshop to focus on malaria, which is very prevalent throughout Liberia and all of West Africa. With much work and determination, we taught about all the aspects of malaria, the ways of contracting it, techniques to fight it, and the effect it has caused throughout the world. What most shocked us it that people were surprised that parasites, such as the mosquito by my window, are what transmit the disease.
Our workshops soon reached over one thousand Liberian nationals. Knowledge was their necessity all along. Only with a few pieces of information did we find a way to make a difference in Liberia, and our team was determined to make an even bigger one back home.
Today, our team continues to educate our school and community about the drastic effects malaria has caused around the world. We encourage our school to participate in the efforts organizations have led to fight this disease and lead projects to benefit both our friends inLiberia but also any country dealing with the problem of malaria.
Anyone can make a difference. It only requires some knowledge, ability to translate it and willingness to serve the world. We can all learn to-SPLAT!- that mosquito and eradicate malaria. Let’s do it.